Article ID: CBB000850277

Miracles, Science, and Testimony in Post-Tridentine Saint-Making (2007)

unapi

Vidal, Ferdnando (Author)


Science in Context
Volume: 20
Pages: 481--508


Publication Date: 2007
Edition Details: Part of the special issue “Believing Nature, Knowing God”
Language: English

Seeing a prodigious cure happen and then testifying about it certainly differs from attending an air pump experiment in order to bear witness to it. Yet early-modern saint-making and the new or experimental philosophy shared juridical roots, and thereby an understanding of the role of testimony for the establishment of matters of fact and for the production of legitimate knowledge. The reforms carried out after the Council of Trent, especially during Urban VIII's pontificate (1623--1644), of the juridical procedures for saint-making in the Catholic Church implied a new attitude towards the examination of proposed miracles. Most of these miracles were healings. While the appeal to medical expertise had long been common, and skepticism had often manifested itself regarding cures or extraordinary bodily phenomena, both were now given formal status. Miracle inquests henceforth leaned towards refuting miraculousness by means of natural explanations. The procedure was systematized in a treatise published in the 1730s by Prospero Lambertini (later pope Benedict XIV). The combination of Lambertini's work with the canonization causes in which he acted as the devil's advocate in charge of disputing arguments favorable to a sainthood candidate allows for a reconstruction of the interplay between the juridical and scientific economies of saint-making, and of the role of testimony in the production of trust and evidence.

...More

Description On the Catholic Church's canonization practices in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially its use of naturalistic argumentation in “devil's advocate” reasoning and the relation of this to the new experimental philosophy.


Included in

Article Vidal, Fernando; Kleeberg, Bernhard (2007) Introduction: Knowledge, Belief, and the Impulse to Natural Theology. Science in Context (p. 381). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000850277/

Similar Citations

Article Pomata, Gianna; (2007)
Malpighi and the Holy Body: Medical Experts and Miraculous Evidence in Seventeenth-Century Italy (/isis/citation/CBB001030504/) unapi

Article Francesco Paolo De Ceglia; (2017)
Playing God: Testing, Modeling, and Imitating Blood Miracles in Eighteenth-Century Europe (/isis/citation/CBB784684871/) unapi

Article de Ceglia, Francesco Paolo; (2014)
Thinking with the Saint: The Miracle of Saint Januarius of Naples and Science in Early Modern Europe (/isis/citation/CBB001420210/) unapi

Article Ceglia, Francesco Paolo de; (2012)
The Science of Santa Claus: Discussions on the Manna of Nicholas of Myra in the Modern Age (/isis/citation/CBB001252146/) unapi

Book Shaw, Jane; (2006)
Miracles in Enlightenment England (/isis/citation/CBB000772796/) unapi

Book Romano, Antonella; (2008)
Rome et la Science Moderne: Entre Renaissance et Lumières (/isis/citation/CBB000951749/) unapi

Book Young, Francis; (2013)
English Catholics and the Supernatural, 1553--1829 (/isis/citation/CBB001201678/) unapi

Book Mamiani, Maurizio; Giuntini, Chiara; Lotti, Brunello; (2006)
Scienza e teologia fra Seicento e Ottocento, Studi in memoria di Maurizio Mamiani (/isis/citation/CBB001024437/) unapi

Chapter Pomata, Gianna; (2008)
Malpighi and the Holy Body: Medical Experts and Miraculous Evidence in Seventeenth-Century Italy (/isis/citation/CBB000831258/) unapi

Book Dhombres, Jean; Radelet-de Grave, Patricia; (2008)
Une mécanique donnée à voir: Les thèses illustrées: défendues à Louvain en julliet 1624 par Grégoire de Saint-Vincent S.J. (/isis/citation/CBB000952760/) unapi

Article Ernst, Germana; (2002)
The Sky in a Room: Campanella's Apologeticus in Defense of the Pamphlet De siderali fato vitando (/isis/citation/CBB000300730/) unapi

Book Speller, Jules; (2008)
Galileo's Inquisition Trial Revisited (/isis/citation/CBB000950275/) unapi

Chapter Wiślicz, Tomasz; (2006)
“Miraculous Sites” in the Early Modern Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (/isis/citation/CBB001020515/) unapi

Book Greyerz, Kaspar von; Pavlovic, Milica; (2010)
Religion und Naturwissenschaften im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert (/isis/citation/CBB001033567/) unapi

Article Alexandrescu, Vlad; (2007)
Descartes and Pascal on the Eucharist (/isis/citation/CBB000830789/) unapi

Article McClive, Cathy; (2008)
Blood and Expertise: The Trials of the Female Medical Expert in the Ancien-Régime Courtroom (/isis/citation/CBB000830239/) unapi

Thesis Prieto, Andres Ignacio; (2006)
Jesuit Naturalists: Nature, Evangelization, and Propaganda in South America, 1588--1676 (/isis/citation/CBB001561447/) unapi

Chapter Shea, William; (2006)
Galileo a Roma: incontri e scontri (/isis/citation/CBB001024440/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
de Ceglia, Francesco Paolo
Pomata, Gianna
Ernst, Germana
Lohr, Charles H.
Matton, Sylvain
Shaw, Jane
Journals
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Culture and Cosmos
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Perspectives on Science
Renaissance Studies
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Publishers
Yale University Press
Peter Lang
École Française de Rome
Brepols Publishers
Leo S. Olschki
Gütersloher Verlagshaus
Concepts
Science and religion
Roman Catholicism
Miracles
Theology
Astrology
Natural philosophy
People
Galilei, Galileo
Urban VIII, Pope
Malpighi, Marcello
Januarius, Saint, Bishop of Benevento
Campanella, Tommaso
Pascal, Blaise
Places
Italy
England
France
Lithuania
Poland
Great Britain
Times
17th century
18th century
Enlightenment
16th century
19th century
Renaissance
Institutions
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment