Article ID: CBB000774852

Gudmundur Finnbogason, “Sympathetic Understanding,” and Early Icelandic Psychology (2008)


Gudmundur Finnbogason (1873-1944) was a pioneer of Icelandic psychology. He was educated at the University of Copenhagen where he finished his M.A. in 1901 in philosophy, specializing in psychology. During the years 1901-1905, Finnbogason played a major role in establishing and shaping the future of primary education in Iceland. He defended his doctoral thesis on "sympathetic understanding" at the University of Copenhagen in 1911. This work deals with the psychology of imitation. In it Finnbogason defends the view that imitation is basically perception so that there is a direct link from perception to motor behavior. Through imitation people tend to assume the countenance and demeanor of other people, thus showing, in Finnbogason's terminology, "sympathetic understanding." Finnbogason's theory of imitation in many respects anticipates contemporary approaches to the psychology of imitation. In 1918 Finnbogason became professor of applied psychology at the recently founded University of Iceland. Here he attempted to establish psychology as an independent discipline. In this he was unsuccessful; his chair was abolished in 1924. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Malin, Brenton J.; (2009)
Mediating Emotion: Technology, Social Science, and Emotion in the Payne Fund Motion-Picture Studies (/isis/citation/CBB000951928/) unapi

Book Artin, Emil; Artin, Tom; (2013)
Emil Artin's Iceland Journal, 1925 (/isis/citation/CBB001551394/) unapi

Article Gudmundsson, O.; (2000)
The origins of Icelandic psychiatry at the turn of the twentieth century (/isis/citation/CBB000111968/) unapi

Article Sigurmundsson, Friðρór S.; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Óskarsson, Hreinn; (2014)
Decline of Birch Woodland Cover in Þjórsárdalur Iceland from 1587 to 1938 (/isis/citation/CBB001421932/) unapi

Book Rousseau, George S.; (2004)
Nervous Acts: Essays on Literature, Culture and Sensibility (/isis/citation/CBB000641998/) unapi

Chapter Cicciola, Elisabetta; (2009)
Alfred Binet e il laboratorio di psicologia fisiologica della Sorbonne (/isis/citation/CBB001221013/) unapi

Article Williams, Elizabeth A.; (2010)
Stomach and Psyche: Eating, Digestion, and Mental Illness in the Medicine of Philippe Pinel (/isis/citation/CBB001031521/) unapi

Article Leo, Angela de; (2006)
The Origin of Graphic Recording of Psycho-Physiological Phenomena in Germany (/isis/citation/CBB001023631/) unapi

Book Martensen, Robert Lawrence; (2004)
The Brain Takes Shape: An Early History (/isis/citation/CBB000470153/) unapi

Article Becquemont, Daniel; (2007)
Les réticences de Bain face à la théorie des localisations cérébrales de Jackson et de Ferrier (/isis/citation/CBB000954378/) unapi

Article Forest, Denis; (2007)
Bain et les théories centralistes du contrôle de l'action et de la conscience d'agir (/isis/citation/CBB000954380/) unapi

Chapter Dror, Otniel E.; (2010)
Seeing the Blush: Feeling Emotions (/isis/citation/CBB001221459/) unapi

Article Arenson, Kelly E.; (2011)
Natural and Neutral States in Plato's Philebus (/isis/citation/CBB001250011/) unapi

Book Schmidgen, Henning; (2009)
Die Helmholtz-Kurven: Auf der Spur der verlorenen Zeit (/isis/citation/CBB001220074/) unapi

Article Borck, Cornelius; (2002)
Kopfarbeit: Die Suche nach einer präzisen Meßmethode für psychische Vorgänge (/isis/citation/CBB000201117/) unapi

Article Dupont, Jean-Claude; (2007)
Sources et implications physiologiques du discours psychologique chez Bain (/isis/citation/CBB000954379/) unapi

Article Winter, Alison; (2004)
Screening Selves: Sciences of Memory and Identity on Film, 1930--1960 (/isis/citation/CBB000501056/) unapi

Chapter Dufour, Michel; (2006)
La Psychologie: une nouvelle science entre sens commun, physiologie et métaphysique? (/isis/citation/CBB001024263/) unapi

Thesis Newman, Winifred Elysee; (2010)
Imaginative Beholding: Physiological Psychology and the Discourse on Representation in fin-de-siecle Germany (/isis/citation/CBB001562770/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Gudmundsson, O.
Borck, Cornelius
Erlingsson, Steindór J.
Martensen, Robert Lawrence
Winter, Alison
Rousseau, George S.
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
History of Psychiatry
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Journal of the History of Biology
History of Psychology
Technology and Culture
Oxford University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Free Scholars Press
Harvard University
Physiological psychology
Motion pictures; cinema; movies
Measuring instruments
Emotions; passions
Bain, Alexander
Atwater, Wilbur Olin
Kraepelin, Emil
Berger, Hans
Thoroddsen, Thorvaldur
Ferrier, David
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
20th century, late
20th century
Université de Paris
Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique de la Sorbonne

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment