Article ID: CBB000740397

Vertrauensvorschuß und wissenschaftliches Fehlhandeln: Eine reliabilistische Modellierung der Fälle Abderhalden, Goldschmidt, Moewus und Waldschmidt-Leitz (2004)

unapi

Reliabilist philosophy of science considers scientific misconduct a transgression against the principles of good cognitive practice. Good practice in research is characterised by the reliability, efficiency and fertility of the cognitive processes involved. The reliabilist approach is closely connected to the idea of mutual cognitive dependency of the research community. Trust in the testimony of others is not an inevitable but a favouring factor of scientific progress - and misconduct damages the testimonial chain, respectively the principle of trustworthiness. Within the reliabilist framework, the main focus on questionable research is not on whether or not there are fraudulent intentions (that means particular mental events of the past), but on recognisable consequences for the research community. Criticising the constructivist modeling of questionable research, we reconstruct certain contributions by Emil Abderhalden, Richard Goldschmidt, Franz Moewus, and Ernst Waldschmitz-Leitz as serious misconducts respectively frauds. We also show that specific social factors - often regarded as apologising conditions - decisively interfere with the principle of trustworthiness in the scientific community.

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Description Philosophical considerations of fraud in science.


Included in

Article Eckart, Wolfgang U. (2004) Blender, Täuscher, Scharlatane: Betrug in den Wissenschaften, Einführung in das Symposium. Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte (p. 89). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB000740397/

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Authors & Contributors
Kaasch, Michael
Sapp, Jan
Bauer, Henry H.
Berg, Wieland
El-Hani, Charbel Niño
Frewer, Andreas
Journals
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Feministische Studien
Filosofia e História da Biologia
Gesnerus
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
Cambridge University Press
Birkhäuser
Campus Verlag
Oxford University Press
Ribaux
Concepts
National Socialism
Biochemistry
Biology
Genetics
Philosophy of science
Scientific misconduct; fraud in science
People
Abderhalden, Emil
Goldschmidt, Richard Benedict
Moewus, Franz
Crusafont Pairó, Miquel
Cuénot, Lucien
Höch, Hannah
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
Places
Germany
Berlin (Germany)
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
Institutions
Freie Universität Berlin
Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina
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