Article ID: CBB000029869

Max Planck and the “black year” of German physics (1994)


Description Reviews the lives and work of Heinrich Hertz, August Kundt and Hermann von Helmholtz, three physicists who died in 1894, the year described by Max Planck as the “black year”, and discusses Planck's evaluation of their effect on physics.

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Authors & Contributors
D'Agostino, Salvatore
Buchwald, Jed Z.
Helmholtz, Hermann von
Hertz, Heinrich
Cahan, David L.
Mulligan, Joseph F.
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
American Journal of Physics
Cultura e Scuola
History of Science
Études de Lettres: Revue de la Faculté des Lettres de l'Université de Lausanne
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
History of philosophy of science
Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Kundt, August
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Planck, Max
Hildericus, Edo
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Central Europe: Germany, Austria, Switzerland

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